John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont

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John Beaumont,
4th Baron Beaumont
GarterStallPlate JohnBeaumont 4thBaronBeaumont KG.xcf
Garter stall plate of John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont. Beaumont quartering Comyn
Bornc. 1361
Folkingham Castle, Lincolnshire
Died9 September 1396
Stirling, Scotland
BuriedSempringham Priory, Lincolnshire
OfficesWarden of the West Marches
Admiral of the Northern Fleet
Constable of Dover Castle
Warden of the Cinque Ports
Ambassador to France
Noble familyHouse of Beaumont
Spouse(s)Katherine Everingham, dau. of Sir Thomas Everingham, Knt. of Laxton, Nottinghamshire
Issue
Henry Beaumont, 5th Baron Beaumont
Richard Beaumont
Sir Thomas Beaumont
Eleanora Beaumont
Elizabeth Beaumont, married William Botreaux, 3rd Baron Botreaux
FatherHenry Beaumont, 3rd Baron Beaumont
MotherMargaret de Vere, dau. of John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford
Arms of Beaumont: Azure semée of fleurs-de-lis, a lion rampant or [1]

John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont KG (1361–1396) was an English military commander and Admiral who served in the Hundred Years' War against the partisans of Antipope Clement VII.

Origins[edit]

Beaumont was born in 1361[2] at Folkingham Castle, Lincolnshire, the only son of Henry Beaumont, 3rd Baron Beaumont (1340–1369), by his wife Margaret, daughter of John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford, by his wife Maud de Badlesmere. His paternal grandparents were John Beaumont, 2nd Baron Beaumont (aft. 1317–1342) and Eleanor of Lancaster (1318–1372), the fifth daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (c. 1281–1345).

Career[edit]

He was knighted by King Edward III. He served in the French wars and against the partisans of Pope Clement VII. He accompanied John of Gaunt to Spain in the attempted conquest of Castile in 1386. He tilted against the Great Chamberlain of France in a tournament at Calais in 1388. In 1390 he tilted with the famous Boucicaut at St. Inghelbert. He was appointed Admiral of the North from 20 May 1388 – 22 June 1389 jointly with Sir John Roches. From 23 June 1389 until 22 March 1390, Admiral Lord Beaumont held the office solely. In 1389 he was briefly Warden of the West Marches towards Scotland. In 1392 he was appointed Constable of Dover Castle and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. In 1393 he was created a Knight of the Garter and was one of the Ambassadors to France to demand Princess Isabella in marriage for King Richard II.

Marriage[edit]

Effigy presumed that of Elizabeth Beaumont, daughter of John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont. She became the 1st wife of William de Botreaux, 3rd Baron Botreaux. North Cadbury Church, Somerset
Heraldic escutcheon incised on tombstone of Reginald de Botreaux (d.1420), died young, whose mother was Elizabeth Beaumont, daughter of John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont. Aller Church, Somerset. It shows the impaled arms of his parents: Baron: Argent, a griffin segreant gules armed azure (Botreaux); Femme: Azure seme of fleurs-de-lis a lion rampant or (Beaumont)

In 1389 he married Katherine Everingham (1367–1426/8), daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Everingham, Knt. of Laxton, Nottinghamshire.[3] They had the five children:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, Beaumont baronets, p.59
  2. ^ Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, 1st series, Vol. 12, No. 321, page 291 records that on 3 August 1369 the jurors at an inquisition held at Whitwick, Leicestershire, into his father's estates testified that John, the son and heir, was aged 8 years in the previous March.
  3. ^ Vivian, Visitation of Devon, 1895, p.63
  4. ^ Vivian, Visitation of Devon, 1895, p.63
  5. ^ Tristram Risdon, Survey of Devon
  6. ^ Vivian, Visitation of Devon, 1895, p.63
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1392–1396
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Baron Beaumont
1369–1396
Succeeded by