The MEKO family of warships was developed by the German company Blohm+Voss. MEKO is a registered trademark. The portmanteau stands for "Mehrzweck-Kombination" (English: multi-purpose-combination). It is a concept in modern naval shipbuilding based on modularity of armament, electronics and other equipment, aiming at ease of maintenance and cost reduction.
MEKO ships include families of frigates, corvettes and ocean-going patrol boats. Construction of MEKO ships began in the late 1970s with the design and later building of Nigeria's MEKO 360 H1. Vessels of similar classes use different weapons systems. For example, for the main gun, some MEKO 200s use the Mk 45 Mod 2 gun, others use the French 100 mm naval gun or Otobreda 76 mm gun.
The latest variant is the "Combat Ship for the Littorals" or MEKO CSL. It has also been called a "Littoral Combatant Ship", but it is much smaller than the American Littoral Combat Ship (LCS). There was speculation that this design would be of interest to Israel, but it was not. Ultimately however, Israel opted for four modified K130 Braunschweig-class corvettes, the first of which is expected to enter service in 2019. The new variant is dubbed the Sa'ar 6-class corvette. Four extended versions of MEKO A-100 light frigate vessels are planned to be supplied for the Brazilian Navy between 2025 and 2028. The consortium is formed by Germany's Thyssenkrupp Marine Systems, Embraer Defense & Security and Atech, a subsidiary of the Embraer Group. The construction of the vessels, which are more than 100 meters long, are planned for the Oceana shipyard in Itajaí.
The following MEKO models are known to have been built, organized by lineage and delivery dates:
- MEKO 360 (1981) is the earliest MEKO ship.
- MEKO 140 (1985) is designed as a companion ship of MEKO 360, developed from the João Coutinho.
- MEKO 200 (1987) is a frigate design. It evolved into the MEKO A-200 (2001) and the larger MEKO A-300 (planned for Poland).
- F123 (1994), F124 (2002), and F125 (2016) are a line of MEKO frigates developed for the German Navy.
- K130 (2008) is a corvette designed for the German Navy using some F124 technology.
- Isreli Sa'ar 6 (2021) is a heavily modified descendant.
- MEKO A-100 (2019) is a current design.
As of October 2021[update], the MEKO website showcases A-200, F125, and A-100 models. The following models are once mentioned on the website, but no examples are known to have been built:
- MEKO CSL (2012 website).
- MEKO D Corvette (2012 website).
- MEKO 100 patrol corvette (2012 website). Based on both K130 and MEKO 100 patrol vessel.
- "Overview Products + Services". thyssenkrupp marine systems. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
- Boustead Gets Letter Of Intent To Build Six Patrol Vessels Malaysian National News Agency ~ BERNAMA, 18 October 2010
- "MEKO CSL: The Combat Ship for the Littorals". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
- Israeli Navy Wants Stealth Corvettes
- MOD: No talks with Germany over sub
- "Israel signs €430m deal for German patrol vessels - Globes English". Globes. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
- "Por US$ 1,6 bi, consórcio com Embraer é escolhido para construir navios para Marinha". G1. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
- MEKO® A-100
- "Corvettes & Light Frigates". www.thyssenkrupp-marinesystems.com.
The Class MEKO® A-100 Patrol Corvette is the latest version of the Class 130 Corvette, which is in service with the German Navy.
- MEKO® D Corvette
- "Frigates Class Meko-200HN". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2008-07-17.
- Binnie, James. "Algeria commissions second Meko frigate". Jane's 360. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "Design of Future TKMS Built Saar 6 MEKO A100 Corvettes For Israeli Navy Unveiled". Navy Recognition. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Opall-Rome, Barbara (4 August 2016). "Israeli Navy Marks Milestones at German Shipyards". defensenews. defensenews. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Google Translate". translate.google.co.il. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- "EXCLUSIVO: As razões que levaram à escolha da MEKO no Programa Tamandaré". Poder Naval. Poder Naval. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
- Brandenburg-class @ Naval-Technology
- Hydra-class @ Naval-Technology
- MEKO A-class @ Naval-Technology
- Sachsen-class @ Naval-Technology
- https://web.archive.org/web/20070927012203/http://www.hansa-online.de/print.asp?artikelID=274 (German)
- Blohm+Voss Class MEKO® A100 Corvette
- At IndoDefence 2012, German shipyard TKMS presented its latest range of Corvettes and OPV