MEKO

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Hessen (F 221), a F124-class frigate ( Sachsen-class frigate) of the German Navy.

The MEKO family of warships was developed by the German company Blohm+Voss. MEKO is a registered trademark. The portmanteau stands for "Mehrzweck-Kombination" (English: multi-purpose-combination). It is a concept in modern naval shipbuilding based on modularity of armament, electronics and other equipment, aiming at ease of maintenance and cost reduction.

MEKO ships include families of frigates, corvettes and ocean-going patrol boats. Construction of MEKO ships began in the late 1970s with the design and later building of Nigeria's MEKO 360 H1. Vessels of similar classes use different weapons systems. For example, for the main gun, some MEKO 200s use the Mk 45 Mod 2 gun, others use the French 100 mm naval gun or Otobreda 76 mm gun.[1]

The latest variant is the "Combat Ship for the Littorals" or MEKO CSL. It has also been called a "Littoral Combatant Ship", but it is much smaller than the American Littoral Combat Ship (LCS).[2] There was speculation that this design would be of interest to Israel,[3][4] but it was not.[5] Ultimately however, Israel opted for four modified K130 Braunschweig-class corvettes, the first of which is expected to enter service in 2019. The new variant is dubbed the Sa'ar 6-class corvette.[6] Four extended versions of MEKO A-100 light frigate vessels are planned to be supplied for the Brazilian Navy between 2025 and 2028. The consortium is formed by Germany's Thyssenkrupp Marine Systems, Embraer Defense & Security and Atech, a subsidiary of the Embraer Group. The construction of the vessels, which are more than 100 meters long, are planned for the Oceana shipyard in Itajaí.[7]

Models[edit]

The following MEKO models are known to have been built, organized by lineage and delivery dates:

  • MEKO 360 (1981) is the earliest MEKO ship.
  • MEKO 140 (1985) is designed as a companion ship of MEKO 360, developed from the João Coutinho.
  • MEKO 200 (1987) is a frigate design. It evolved into the MEKO A-200 (2001) and the larger MEKO A-300 (planned for Poland).
  • F123 (1994), F124 (2002), and F125 (2016) are a line of MEKO frigates developed for the German Navy.
  • K130 (2008) is a corvette designed for the German Navy using some F124 technology.
    • Isreli Sa'ar 6 (2021) is a heavily modified descendant.
  • MEKO A-100 (2019) is a current design.
    • The 2012 A-100 is a single corvette developed from the A-200.[8] It is occasionally quoted as the same as the MEKO 100 RMN (2004).
    • The current design is a family of three sizes (all heavier and longer than the 2012 A-100): corvette, light frigate, patrol corvette.[9]

As of October 2021, the MEKO website showcases A-200, F125, and A-100 models. The following models are once mentioned on the website, but no examples are known to have been built:

  • MEKO CSL (2012 website).
  • MEKO D Corvette (2012 website).[10]
  • MEKO 100 patrol corvette (2012 website). Based on both K130 and MEKO 100 patrol vessel.[11]

Vessels[edit]

Type Class Country Number Delivery Weight Length o.a. (m) Beam (m) Draught (m) Main gun SAM ASM Image
MEKO 360 H1 Aradu  Nigeria 1 1981 3,360 tons 125.80 15.00 4.30 Otobreda 127/54 Compact Aspide Otomat NNS Aradu F89.jpg
MEKO 360 H2 Almirante Brown  Argentina 4 1983–1984 3,360 tons 125.80 15.00 4.30 Otobreda 127/54 Compact Aspide Exocet D13 ARA Sarandi DN-SC-91-01826.jpg
MEKO 140 A16 Espora  Argentina 6 1985–2002 1,560 tons 91.20 11.00 3.33 Otobreda 76 mm Exocet P42ARARosalesWWM.jpg
MEKO 200 TN I Yavuz  Turkey 4 1987–1989 3,030 tons 110.50 14.20 4.14 Mk 45 Mod 2 gun RIM-7 Harpoon Turgutreis F241.jpg
MEKO 200 PN Vasco da Gama  Portugal 3 1991– 3,400 tons 115.90 14.80 4.10 French 100 mm naval gun RIM-7 Harpoon NRP Corte Real 2.jpg
MEKO 200 HN [12] Hydra  Greece 4 1992 3,360 tons 117.00 14.80 4.10 Mk 45 Mod 2 gun RIM-162 Harpoon Greek frigate HS Spetsai, F-453.jpg
MEKO 200 TN II-A Barbaros  Turkey 2 1995– 3,100 tons 116.70 14.80 4.10 Mk 45 Mod 2 gun RIM-7, RIM-162 Harpoon TCG Oruç Reis (F245).jpg
MEKO 200 ANZAC Anzac  Australia
 New Zealand
8 (Aus)
2 (NZ)
1996–2004 3,500 tons 118.00 14.80 4.10 Mk 45 Mod 4 gun RAN: RIM-162,
RNZN: RIM-7, Phalanx Block 1
RAN: Harpoon
RNZN: None
US Navy 100707-N-0641S-247 HMAS Warramunga (FFH 152) departs Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam to support Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2010 exercises.jpgHMAS Perth (FFH 157).jpg
HMNZS Te Kaha arrives at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam for RIMPAC 2016.jpg
MEKO 200 TN II-B Salih Reis  Turkey 2 1998– 3,100 tons 118.00 14.80 4.30 Mk 45 Mod 2 gun RIM-7, RIM-162 Harpoon Ae ag tur F247.jpg
MEKO A-200 SAN Valour  South Africa 4 2003–2004 3,700 tons 121.00 16.34 4.40 Otobreda 76 mm Umkhonto Exocet SAS Spioenkop during Exercise IBSAMAR V.JPG
MEKO 100 RMN Kedah  Malaysia 6 2004–2010 1,850 tons 91.10 12.85 3.40 Otobreda 76 mm IMDEX 2007 Malaysian ship (523652840).jpg
MEKO A-100 ORP Ślązak  Poland 1 2019 2,150 tons 95.20 13.30 3.60 Otobreda 76 mm Grom ORP "Ślązak".jpg
Corvette 130 (K130) Braunschweig  Germany 5 2008– 1,840 tons 88.75 12.80 3.40 Otobreda 76 mm RIM-116 RBS-15 Korvette Braunschweig F260 2895.jpg
Frigate 123 (F123) Brandenburg  Germany 4 1994–1996 3,600 tons 138.85 16.70 4.35 Otobreda 76 mm RIM-116, RIM-7 Exocet, RBS-15 Fregatte Mecklenburg-Vorpommern F218.jpg
Frigate 124 (F124) Sachsen  Germany 3 2002– 5,690 tons 143.00 17.44 4.86 Otobreda 76 mm RIM-116, RIM-162, RIM-66 Harpoon FGS Sachsen (F 219).jpg
Frigate 125 (F125) Baden-Württemberg  Germany +4 2016- 7,200 tons 149.52 18.80 5.00 Otobreda 127 mm RIM-116 Harpoon BADEN-WURTTEMBERG 00257 (cropped).jpg
MEKO A-200 AN Erradi[13]  Algeria +2 2016- ? ? ? ? Otobreda 127 mm Umkhonto IR RBS-15 Meko-A200Algeria.jpg
(K130-based, no official model)[14][15] Sa'ar 6  Israel 4 2020-[16] 2,000 tons 90.00 12.44 3.40 OTO Melara 76 mm Barak-8, C-Dome Harpoon INS Magen. II.jpg
MEKO A-100 BR[17] Tamandaré  Brazil 4 2025–2028 3,500 tons 107.2 15.95 5.2 OTO Melara 76 mm CAMM MANSUP Tamandare Class Frigate.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Overview Products + Services". thyssenkrupp marine systems. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  2. ^ Boustead Gets Letter Of Intent To Build Six Patrol Vessels Malaysian National News Agency ~ BERNAMA, 18 October 2010
  3. ^ "MEKO CSL: The Combat Ship for the Littorals". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  4. ^ Israeli Navy Wants Stealth Corvettes
  5. ^ MOD: No talks with Germany over sub
  6. ^ "Israel signs €430m deal for German patrol vessels - Globes English". Globes. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  7. ^ "Por US$ 1,6 bi, consórcio com Embraer é escolhido para construir navios para Marinha". G1. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
  8. ^ MEKO® A-100
  9. ^ "Corvettes & Light Frigates". www.thyssenkrupp-marinesystems.com. The Class MEKO® A-100 Patrol Corvette is the latest version of the Class 130 Corvette, which is in service with the German Navy.
  10. ^ MEKO® D Corvette
  11. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120322234613/http://www.blohmvoss-naval.com/en/meko-100-patrol-corvette.html
  12. ^ "Frigates Class Meko-200HN". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2008-07-17.
  13. ^ Binnie, James. "Algeria commissions second Meko frigate". Jane's 360. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Design of Future TKMS Built Saar 6 MEKO A100 Corvettes For Israeli Navy Unveiled". Navy Recognition. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  15. ^ Opall-Rome, Barbara (4 August 2016). "Israeli Navy Marks Milestones at German Shipyards". defensenews. defensenews. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  16. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.co.il. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  17. ^ "EXCLUSIVO: As razões que levaram à escolha da MEKO no Programa Tamandaré". Poder Naval. Poder Naval. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.

External links[edit]