Freedom Party (Netherlands)

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Freedom Party
Partij van de Vrijheid
LeaderSteven Bierema
Founded23 March 1946
Dissolved24 January 1948
Preceded byLiberal State Party
Merged intoPeople's Party for Freedom and Democracy
IdeologyConservative liberalism
Classical liberalism
Political positionCentre-right

The Freedom Party (Dutch: Partij van de Vrijheid, PvdV) was a short-lived conservative-liberal[1] political party in the Netherlands. The PvdV was a successor of the Liberal State Party and predecessor of the modern-day People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).[1]

Party history[edit]

The PvdV was founded on 23 March 1946 by a group around the young liberal Korthals and the director of Heineken. After the foundation they were joined by the rest of the top of the pre-war Liberal State Party. The party was supposed to be less conservative and more modern that its predecessor. In 1948 it merged with social-liberal dissidents from the PvdA, led by Pieter Oud, to become the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). In the 1946 elections it received six seats and it was confined to a minor position in opposition.

Ideology and issues[edit]

The PvdV was classical liberal party with progressive leanings, committed to individual freedom and free market economics.


This table shows the PvdV's results in elections to the House of Representatives, Senate and States-Provincial, as well as the party's political leadership: the fractievoorzitter, is the chair of the parliamentary party and the lijsttrekker is the party's top candidate in the general election, these posts are normally taken by the party's leader.

Year HoR S SP Fractievoorzitter Lijsttrekker
1946 6 3 37 Steven Bierema multiple including Bierema
1947 6 3 37 Steven Bierema no elections


The PvdV mainly received support from atheists or latitudinarian Protestants from higher classes: businessmen, civil servants, wealthy farmers, and voters with free professions (such as lawyers and doctors). The party performed particularly well in the major trading cities Amsterdam and Rotterdam, the rich municipalities around Hilversum and the Hague and in northern rural provinces, like Groningen and Drenthe.


The PvdV lacked a real system of pillarized organisations around it. 'Neutral' organisations, which were not linked to a pillar, often had friendly relations with the PvdV. This included the general broadcasting association AVRO (Algemene Verenigde Radio Omroep, General United Radio Broadcasting Organisation), the general union ANWV (Algemene Nederlandse Werkelieden Vereniging, the General Dutch Workers' Association), furthermore the neutral employers' organisation VNO and the financial paper Het Handelsblad had good relations with the party.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Emiel Lamberts (1 January 1997). Christian Democracy in the European Union, 1945/1995: Proceedings of the Leuven Colloquium, 15-18 November 1995. Leuven University Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-90-6186-808-8.